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Institutions comes to provide the reader a new perspective of human uniqueness, from the micro level to the meso level. But what is there in this book that comes to the reading of young readers? So, to answer this question, we will make a little tour from the individual (micro) to the institutional (meso).
When I refer to the micro level in this book, I am alluding, in a first moment, to the male psychic constitution in the Freudian work, a moment in which I resume the core concepts in the Sigmund Freud work for the understanding of the male uniqueness and subjectivity.
Meanwhi le, I bring from the French psychoanalyst Piera Aulagnier the postulates of the originary, primary, and secondary for understanding the psychic constitution, punctuat ing this book from the discussion of the “I” constitution. Although she is a psychoanalyst impregnated by the Lacanian conception, Aulagnier brings a unique legacy in her conception of the originary concept, a process in which precedes the primary of the Freudian theory. But what is there in this process only a reading of her contributions, present in this book, can reply it.
Still in the micro or individual level, this book discusses the characteristics of obsessional neurosis present in the “ruminant” thought of the obsessive. For this purpose, it focuses on the archaic forms of this thought, such as animism and defense mechanisms that lies in the uniqueness of this neurosis, making the obsessional thought analogous to the most remote infantile desires. Thus, the obsessive thinks, thinks, and thinks, but at the moment of acting, he is invaded by his uncertainties.
And these are the uncertainties, the ambivalences, and the entire dynamics of the sadistic-anal fixation, determinant of the obsessional symptomatology, which will be resumed in a singular analysis of a clinical case present at the chapter dedicated to ambivalent manifestations of the neurotic symptom. In this chapter, I dedicate a special attention to the anal-sadistic phase interconnected to the doubt symptom. What do both have in common? All or nothing?
And in the intricacies of Freudian neurosis, by another bias, I bring the famous conversion hysteria or the hysteria itself, not in a clinical case, but rather through contemporary
reflections from the phallic logic and the symptomatic positivity. If, in obsessional neurosis, the self-destructive impulses paralyze the neurotics in their daily ruminations, in
hysteria, in one side, it is the life impulse and the phallic logic that drives the hysteric in their object relations. Therefore, this article seeks to “dismantle” the hysterical symptom, building the desire in the etiology of this neurosis and showing another dynamics for its understanding.
In this book, when addressing the hysteria, I could not forget the narcissism and the body image formation. Thus, this book also brings a rereading of the neurologist Paul Schilder, providing a new vision of the body image constitution. If we start by the psychic constitution, we cannot relegate the body image constitution to a second plan. So, from a rereading of the psychoanalytic work of Sigmund Freud, Schilder presents a new vision of the body image constitution.
And, among the various manifestations of the personal order and the micro, this book brings three articles dedicated to the individual manifestations in the institutions and how these permeate the intuitional symptomatic logic. So, at this point, we will leave a micro logic and go to a meso logic that I designate as institutional.
In this logic, you, dear reader, may come across an article about the Institutional Psychology, specifically in the scope of the prison unit. Observing the symptomatic force field that is created in a prison unit—object of analysis in this article, I point out that the internal relationships enable the secondary benefts from the creation and strengthening of an institutional symptom. In these mishaps, in these comings and goings, when discussing the meso level, I also bring the contributions of the book Institutional Unconscious, organized by Baremblitt, highlighting the contributions of the II International Symposium of Psychoanalysis (which took place in Rio de Janeiro, in 1982) for understanding the institutional symptom. And in addition to the contributions of this symposium, this book ends with the Brazilian psychiatric reform movements. Although it has taken place on Brazilian soil, the infuences of the Italian Franco Basaglia contributed to the “deinstitutionalizations” that gained a particular format in every part of this country territory. Therefore, for a better understanding of this movement, which resplends the meso level and its interfaces with the micro, we will go to the reading of these new psychoanalytic dimensions.
Henrique Guilherme Scatolin
Holds a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the Methodist University of Piracicaba, a Master’s degree and a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo. He has been serving as a psychotherapist with focus on psychoanalysis for 08 years and as an organizational consultant for 07 years. His email is firstname.lastname@example.org.