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Author(s)

Kun-Han Lin, Chih-Min Wu, Yi-Ming Huang and Zong-Yan Cai

Affiliation(s)

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of hip thrust (HT) training on the strength and power performance of lower extremities. In total, 20 male collegiate baseball players participated in this study and were divided into a HT training group (HTT) and a control group (CON). Participants in the HTT group added HTT movements to a regular baseball training regimen (3 times per week for 8 weeks), whereas participants in the CON group only performed the regular baseball training regimen. Before and after the training sessions, strength performance was assessed via tests of squat strength and 3 repetition maximum (3RM) HT strength; power performance was assessed via vertical jump height, standing long jump distance, and 30-m sprint time. The results indicated significant improvement in squat strength (31% ± 15%) and 3RM HT strength (36% ± 16%) (P < 0.05), but not in vertical jump height, standing long jump distance, and 30-m sprint time. Furthermore, the improvement in squat strength highly correlated with 3RM HT strength (r = 0.83, P < 0.05). In conclusion, HTT plays a role in developing squat strength but does not appear to improve power performance.

KEYWORDS

Hip extension, squat, vertical jump, standing long jump, sprint.

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